top of page
  • Writer's pictureYash

Understanding AIS-140 Guidelines: Essential Requirements for OEMs in India

Updated: Mar 8, 2023

AIS-140 is a set of guidelines that every Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) in India must adhere to for installing GPS devices in commercial vehicles. The AIS-140 guidelines mandate the installation of a GPS tracking device along with a SIM card for communication purposes. In this blog, we will list the requirements that an OEM must comply with to conform to AIS-140 guidelines.

1. Device specifications

The AIS-140 guidelines require OEMs to install a GPS tracking device that complies with the following specifications:

  • The device should be able to capture the location, time, and speed of the vehicle.

  • It should have a built-in memory that can store location data for at least 24 hours.

  • The device should have a tamper-proof enclosure that cannot be easily removed or damaged.

  • It should have a backup battery that can provide power for at least 4 hours in case the main power source is disconnected.

2. Communication requirements

The AIS-140 guidelines mandate the use of a SIM card in the GPS tracking device for communication purposes. The SIM card should meet the following requirements:

  • The SIM card should be compatible with the network provider's coverage area.

  • The device must support dual-profile eSIMs, which means it should be capable of storing and managing two separate profiles

  • The device should be capable of supporting SMS-based communication between the operator and the driver/vehicle.

  • The SIM card should have a sufficient data plan and balance to support real-time data transfer.

  • The communication between the GPS device and the central server should be encrypted and secure.

3. User interface and functionality

The AIS-140 guidelines specify the following user interface and functionality requirements for the GPS tracking device:

  • The device should have an LED indicator that indicates the status of the device.

  • It should have a panic button that can be used by the driver in case of an emergency.

  • The device should have a buzzer that can be used to alert the driver in case of over-speeding or other violations.

  • The device should have an interface for connecting to additional sensors such as fuel sensors, temperature sensors, and door sensors.

4. Data management and storage

The AIS-140 guidelines mandate that the data collected by the GPS tracking device should be managed and stored as per the following requirements:

  • The data should be transmitted in real-time to a central server that is maintained by the service provider.

  • The data should be stored securely for at least 90 days.

  • The data should be made available to authorized parties such as law enforcement agencies or vehicle owners.

The AIS-140 guidelines are designed to ensure the safety and security of commercial vehicles on Indian roads. OEMs must comply with these guidelines to ensure that the GPS tracking devices they install meet the necessary specifications, communication requirements, user interface and functionality, and data management and storage requirements.

By complying with these guidelines, OEMs can help ensure the safety of drivers and passengers and reduce the risk of theft and misuse of commercial vehicles.


bottom of page